Suspension Alternative

Top Ten Alternatives to Suspension
Adapted from the work of: Reece Peterson, University of Nebraska – Lincoln & Russell Skiba, Indiana University

10. Problem Solving/Contracting - Use negotiation/problem solving approaches to assist student to identify alternatives.  Develop a contract which includes reinforcers for success, & consequences for continuing problems.

9. Restitution - Financial or “in kind.”  Permits the student to restore or improve the school environment.

8. Mini-Courses - Short courses or modules on topics related to their behavior as a disciplinary consequence.

7. Parent Supervision in School - Parents brainstorm with school; examples might be to “suspend” the parent to school – have the parent follow and supervise the student all day at school.

6. Counseling - Students required to participate in counseling.

5. Community Service - Required amount of time in community service in school system or in the community.

4. Appropriate In-School Alternatives - In-school alternative in which academic tutoring, instruction related to the student’s behavior such as social skills, and a clearly defined procedure to return to class as soon as the student is ready is provided.

3. Behavior Monitoring - Strategies to monitor behavior and academic progress might include cards checked after each class regarding behavior, self charting of behaviors,  strategies to provide feedback to the student, etc.

2. Alternative Programming - Changes in the student’s schedule, classes or course  content; assignment to an alternative school or program; independent study or work experience program.  Should be tailored to the student’s needs.

1. Coordinated Behavior Plans for Any Student - Creation of a structured, coordinated behavior plan specific to the student and based on the assessment of the quantity and purpose of the target behavior to be reduced; should focus on increasing desirable behavior and replacing inappropriate behavior.


Lines of Inquiry This document identifies a variety of questions to use when analyzing suspension data.

Bulletin 4655.1

 Expulsion of Students - Policy and Procedures

Bulletin 4655.1 Although there are situations that may require suspension that lead to expulsion, suspension is generally a last resort when a student engages in misconduct. There is an array of interventions to be considered when action is called for in response to misconduct. Such interventions may result in instruction and guidance (re-teaching and corrective feedback) and may offer the student an opportunity to have an understanding of, and be motivated to change, his or her behavior. A student so involved is more likely to become re-engaged in the process of learning.